Марш C-dur, WoO 19 (4 марша, №2)

1. Version: Hess 8
2. Version: WoO 19

Время написания: август 1810 года.

Духовой ансамбль Берлинского филармонического оркестра (Berliner Philharmoniker)

Beethoven's March for wind ensemble in F major, WoO 19, was first printed in a piano reduction in 1810 in Vienna. The full score would first appear in 1888 as part of the complete edition of Beethoven's works published in Leipzig by Breitkopf & Härtel; there it is paired with the March for wind ensemble in F major, WoO 18, under the title, "Zwei Märsche für Militärmusik."

Although the march was performed on August 25, 1810 at a tournament honoring the birthday of Empress Maria Ludovika, held in Laxenburg, Beethoven's original dedication of the work (found in the autograph score) was to Archduke Anton of Austria (the older brother of Beethoven's patron Archduke Rudolph). When, in 1822, the publisher C. F. Peters requested music from Beethoven, the composer wrote out new scores of old works, including the Marches, WoO 18-20, to which he added trios (the one for WoO 19 is in F minor). Also, Beethoven renamed each march "Zapfenstreich" (tattoo). Peters found the works inferior and did not publish them. The trio for the March was not published until after 1959 in the fourth volume of Willy Hess's Supplement to the Complete Edition.

The WoO 19 march is for military band, including two each of flute, clarinet, horn, trumpet, bassoon, tambourine and one each of piccolo and contrabassoon. Like all marches, Beethoven's March in F is similar to a minuet in form. The first phrase is eight measures in length and is repeated. Every instrument except the bassoon, contrabassoon and percussion plays the triadic, jolly melody in unison or at the octave, with the piccolo leaping into the stratosphere. The contrasting section begins with a stepwise melody in a lower range that feature hints of F minor. Fanfare-like flourishes introduce the return of the opening theme, which Beethoven then breaks down and develops before the repeat of the entire second section.

(John Palmer, Rovi, answers.com)