Копилка житейской мудрости

Из книги: Beethoven, the Man and the Artist, As Revealed in His Own Words by Ludwig van Beethoven:1

249. "Freedom,—progress, is purpose in the art-world as in universal creation, and if we moderns have not the hardihood of our ancestors, refinement of manners has surely accomplished something."2

250. "The boundaries are not yet fixed which shall call out to talent and industry: thus far and no further!"3

251. "You know that the sensitive spirit must not be bound to miserable necessities."4

252. "Art, the persecuted one, always finds an asylum. Did not Daedalus, shut up in the labyrinth, invent the wings which carried him out into the open air? O, I shall find them, too, these wings!"5

253. "Show me the course where at the goal there stands the palm of victory! Lend sublimity to my loftiest thoughts, bring to them truths that shall live forever!"6

254. "Every day is lost in which we do not learn something useful. Man has no nobler or more valuable possession than time; therefore never put off till tomorrow what you can do today."7

255. "This is the mark of distinction of a truly admirable man: steadfastness in times of trouble."8

256. "Courage, so it be righteous, will gain all things."9

257. "Force, which is a unit, will always prevail against the majority which is divided."10

258. "Kings and Princes can create professors and councillors, and confer orders and decorations; but they can not create great men, spirits that rise above the earthly rabble; these they can not create, and therefore they are to be respected."11

259. "Man, help yourself!"12

260. "If I could give as definite expression to my thoughts about my illness as to my thoughts in music, I would soon help myself."13

261. "Follow the advice of others only in the rarest cases."14

262. "The moral law in us, and the starry sky above us."—Kant.15

[Literally the passage in Kant's "Critique of Practical Reason" reads as follows: "Two things fill the soul with ever new and increasing wonder and reverence the oftener the mind dwells upon them:—the starry sky above me and the moral law in me."]

263. "Blessed is he who has overcome all passions and then proceeds energetically to perform his duties under all circumstances careless of success! Let the motive lie in the deed, not in the outcome. Be not one of those whose spring of action is the hope of reward. Do not let your life pass in inactivity. Be industrious, do your duty, banish all thoughts as to the results, be they good or evil; for such equanimity is attention to intellectual things. Seek an asylum only in Wisdom; for he who is wretched and unhappy is so only in consequence of things. The truly wise man does not concern himself with the good and evil of this world. Therefore endeavor diligently to preserve this use of your reason—for in the affairs of this world, such a use is a precious art."16

264. "The just man must be able also to suffer injustice without deviating in the least from the right course."17

265. "Man's humility towards man pains me; and yet when I consider myself in connection with the universe, what am I and what is he whom we call the greatest? And yet here, again, lies the divine element in man."18

266. "Only the praise of one who has enjoyed praise can give pleasure."19

267. "Nothing is more intolerable than to be compelled to accuse one's self of one's own errors."20

268. "What greater gift can man receive than fame, praise and immortality?"21

269. "Frequently it seems as if I should almost go mad over my undeserved fame; fortune seeks me out and I almost fear new misfortune on that account."22

270. "The world must give one recognition,—it is not always unjust. I care nothing for it because I have a higher goal."23

271. "I have the more turned my gaze upwards; but for our own sakes and for others we are obliged to turn our attention sometimes to lower things; this, too, is a part of human destiny."24

272. "Why so many dishes? Man is certainly very little higher than the other animals if his chief delights are those of the table."25

273. "Whoever tells a lie is not pure of heart, and such a person can not cook a clean soup."26

274. "Vice walks through paths full of present lusts and persuades many to follow it. Virtue pursues a steep path and is less seductive to mankind, especially if at another place there are persons who call them to a gently declining road."27

275. "Sensual enjoyment without a union of soul is bestial and will always remain bestial."28

276. "Men are not only together when they are with each other; even the distant and the dead live with us."29

277. "There is no goodness except the possession of a good soul, which may be seen in all things, from which one need not seek to hide."30

278. "The foundation of friendship demands the greatest likeness of human souls and hearts."31

279. "True friendship can rest only on the union of like natures."32

280. "The people say nothing; they are merely people. As a rule they only see themselves in others, and what they see is nothing; away with them! The good and the beautiful needs no people,—it exists without outward help, and this seems to be the reason of our enduring friendship."33

281. "Look, my dear Ries; these are the great connoisseurs who affect to be able to judge of any piece of music so correctly and keenly. Give them but the name of their favorite,—they need no more!"34

282. "Do not let all men see the contempt which they deserve; we do not know when we may need them."35

283. "Our Time stands in need of powerful minds who will scourge these petty, malicious and miserable scoundrels,—much as my heart resents doing injury to a fellow man."36

284. "Today is Sunday. Shall I read something for you from the Gospels? 'Love ye one another!'"37

285. "Hate reacts on those who nourish it."38

286. "When friends get into a quarrel it is always best not to call in an intermediary, but to have friend turn to friend direct."39

287. "There are reasons for the conduct of men which one is not always willing to explain, but which, nevertheless, are based on ineradicable necessity."40

288. "I was formerly inconsiderate and hasty in the expression of my opinions, and thereby I made enemies. Now I pass judgment on no one, and, indeed, for the reason that I do not wish to do any one harm. Moreover, in the last instance I always think: if it is something decent it will maintain itself in spite of all attack and envy; if there is nothing good and sound at the bottom of it, it will fall to pieces of itself, bolster it up as one may."41

289. "Even the most sacred friendship may harbor secrets, but you ought not to misinterpret the secret of a friend because you can not guess it."42

290. "You are happy; it is my wish that you remain so, for every man is best placed in his sphere."43

291. "One must not measure the cost of the useful."44

292. "It is not my custom to prattle away my purposes, since every intention once betrayed is no longer one's own."45

293. "How stupidity and wretchedness always go in pairs!"46

[Beethoven was greatly vexed by his servants.]

294. "Hope nourishes me; it nourishes half the world, and has been my neighbor all my life, else what had become of me!"47

295. "Fortune is round like a globe, hence, naturally, does not always fall on the noblest and best."48

296. "Show your power, Fate! We are not our own masters; what is decided must be,—and so be it!"49

297. "Eternal Providence omnisciently directs the good and evil fortunes of mortal men."50

298. "With tranquility, O God, will I submit myself to changes, and place all my trust in Thy unalterable mercy and goodness."51

299. "All misfortune is mysterious and greatest when viewed alone; discussed with others it seems more endurable because one becomes entirely familiar with the things one dreads, and feels as if one had overcome it."52

300. "One must not flee for protection to poverty against the loss of riches, nor to a lack of friendship against the loss of friends, nor by abstention from procreation against the death of children, but to reason against everything."53

301. "I share deeply with you the righteous sorrow over the death of your wife. It seems to me that such a parting, which confronts nearly every married man, ought to keep one in the ranks of the unmarried."54

302. "He who is afflicted with a malady which he can not alter, but which gradually brings him nearer and nearer to death, without which he would have lived longer, ought to reflect that murder or another cause might have killed him even more quickly."55

303. "We finite ones with infinite souls are born only for sorrows and joy and it might almost be said that the best of us receive joy through sorrow."56

304. "He is a base man who does not know how to die; I knew it as a boy of fifteen."57

305. "A second and third generation recompenses me three and fourfold for the ill-will which I had to endure from my former contemporaries."58

306. "My hour at last is come;
Yet not ingloriously or passively
I die, but first will do some valiant deed,
Of which mankind shall hear in after
time."—Homer. 59

307. "Fate gave man the courage of endurance."60

308. "Portia—How far that little candle throws his beams!
So shines a good deed in a naughty world."61

309. "And on the day that one becomes a
     The Thunderer, Jove, takes half his
         worth away."—Homer.62

310. "Short is the life of man, and whoso
     A cruel heart, devising cruel things,
     On him men call down evil from the
     While living, and pursue him, when he
     With scoffs. But whoso is of generous
     And harbors generous aims, his guests
     His praises far and wide to all
     And numberless are they who call him

  • 1. Компиляция высказываний Бетховена составлена Фридрихом Керстом (Friedrich Kerst), английский перевод осуществлен Генри Эдвардом Кребилем (Henry Edward Krehbiel) и опубликован в 1905 г. под названием “Beethoven: the Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words” (New York: B.W. Huebsch.).
  • 2. Middling, July 29, 1819, to Archduke Rudolph.
  • 3. Reported by Schindler.
  • 4. In the summer of 1814, to Johann Kauka, the advocate who represented him in the prosecution of his claims against the heirs of Prince Kinsky.
  • 5. February 19, 1812, to Zmeskall, when, in 1811, by decree of the Treasury, the value of the Austrian currency was depreciated one-fifth, and the annuity which Beethoven received from Archduke Rudolph and the Princes Lobkowitz and Kinsky reduced to 800 florins.
  • 6. Diary, 1814, while working on "Fidelio."
  • 7. From the notes in Archduke Rudolph's instruction book.
  • 8. Diary, 1816.
  • 9. April, 1815, to Countess Erdody.
  • 10. Conversation-book, 1819.
  • 11. August 15, 1812, to Bettina von Arnim.
  • 12. Written under the words: "Fine, with the help of God," which Moscheles had written at the end of a pianoforte arrangement of a portion of "Fidelio."
  • 13. September, 1812, to Amalie Sebald, a patient at the cure in Teplitz.
  • 14. Diary, 1816.
  • 15. Conversation-book, February, 1820.
  • 16. Diary. Though essentially in the language of Beethoven there is evidence that the passage was inspired by something that he had read.
  • 17. To the Viennese magistrate in the matter of Karl's education.
  • 18. To the "Immortal Beloved," July 6 (1800?).
  • 19. Conversation-book, 1825.
  • 20. Teplitz, September 6, 1811, to Tiedge. Beethoven regrets that through his own fault he had not made Tiedge's acquaintance on an earlier opportunity.
  • 21. Diary, 1816-17. After Pliny, Epist. III.
  • 22. July, 1810, to his friend Zmeskall. "Every day there come new inquiries from strangers, new acquaintances new relationships."
  • 23. August 15, 1812, to Bettina von Arnim.
  • 24. February 8, 1823, to Zelter, with whom he is negotiating the sale of a copy of the Mass in D.
  • 25. Reported by J. A. Stumpff, in the "Harmonicon" of 1824. He dined with Beethoven in Baden.
  • 26. To Mme. Streicher, in 1817, or 1818, after having dismissed an otherwise good housekeeper because she had told a falsehood to spare his feelings.
  • 27. Diary, 1815.
  • 28. Diary, 1812-18.
  • 29. To Therese Malfatti, later Baroness von Drossdick, to whom in the country he sent Goethe's "Wilhelm Meister" and Schlegel's translation of Shakespeare.
  • 30. August 15, 1812, to Bettina von Arnim.
  • 31. Baden, July 24, 1804, to Ries, describing his quarrel with Breuning.
  • 32. Diary, 1812-18.
  • 33. September 16, 1812, to Amalie Sebald, in Teplitz, who had playfully called him a tyrant.
  • 34. To his pupil Ries, who had, as a joke, played a mediocre march at a gathering at Count Browne's and announced it to be a composition by Beethoven. When the march was praised beyond measure Beethoven broke out into a grim laugh.
  • 35. Note in the Diary of 1814, after having had an unpleasant experience with his "friend" Bertolini. "Henceforth never step inside his house; shame on you to ask anything from such an one."
  • 36. In 1825, to his nephew, in reference to the publication of a satirical canon on the Viennese publisher, Haslinger, by Schott, of Mayence.
  • 37. To Frau Streicher.
  • 38. Diary, 1812-18.
  • 39. Vienna, November 2, 1793, to Eleonore von Breuning, of Bonn.
  • 40. In 1815, to Brauchle.
  • 41. In a conversation with Tomaschek, in October, 1814.
  • 42. About 1808, to Frau Marie Bigot.
  • 43. Bonn, July 13, 1825, to his brother Johann, landowner in Gneisendorf.
  • 44. To his nephew Karl in a discussion touching the purchase of an expensive book.
  • 45. To Frau Streicher.
  • 46. Diary, 1817.
  • 47. August 11, 1810, to Bettina von Arnim.
  • 48. Vienna, July 29, 1800, to Wegeler.
  • 49. Diary, 1818.
  • 50. Diary, 1818.
  • 51. Diary, 1818.
  • 52. Diary, 1816.
  • 53. Diary, 1816.
  • 54. May 20, 1811, to Gottfried Hartel, of Leipzig.
  • 55. Diary, 1812-18.
  • 56. October 19, 1815, to Countess Erdody.
  • 57. In the spring of 1816, to Miss Fanny Giannatasio del Rio, when Beethoven felt ill and spoke of dying. It is not known that he was ever near death in his youth.
  • 58. Copied into his Diary from Goethe's "West-ostlicher Divan."
  • 59. "The Iliad" [Bryant's translation], Book XXII, 375-378. Copied into his Diary, 1815.
  • 60. Diary, 1814.
  • 61. Marked in his copy of Shakespeare's "Merchant of Venice."
  • 62. "The Odyssey" [Bryant's translation], Book XVII, 392-393. Marked by Beethoven.
  • 63. "The Odyssey" [Bryant's translation], Book XIX, 408-415. Copied into his diary, 1818.